abbot_laugh_smallDoes Janus Have Buddha Nature? Looking Back, Looking Forward; Eye on the Ball

LOOKING BACK
In 2009, We saw substantial growth of the Sangha, in Atlanta as well as at Affiliate centers. We have been able to offer training in Zen meditation to more people than ever before, and our Disciple group has been greatly expanded, welcoming sincere students of Zen from all walks of life.

We have just finished editing the final segment of a 10-segment television program, The Eightfold Path to Daily Enlightenment, with Atlanta Interfaith Broadcasters, which will be fine-tuned and produced as a set of DVDs for distribution to Affiliates and public.

We also saw the advent of the Silent Thunder Order (STO), the network of Disciples of the Matsuoka lineage, founded by myself with the aid of the Organizing Committee. The mission of the STO is the propagation of Soto Zen training in the West.

The Silent Thunder Order now numbers over 50 active Disciples, who have undergone Zaike Tokudo, and are qualified to train for formal Novice Zen Priest Ordination (Shukke Tokudo). We are one dharma family, and our family also includes the heirs of Kosho Uchiyama Roshi, through Shohaku Okumura Roshi, my Transmission Teacher (Honshi), and those of Suzuki Roshi through Seirin Barbara Kohn, my Preceptor. Of course, families are not always harmonious. As we implement a more organized approach to preserving the living legacy of Matsuoka Roshi, it is important that we come to regard all Disciples as family: dharma parents, children, siblings and cousins.

LOOKING FORWARD
In 2010, with your support, we will work to enhance the practice program at the Atlanta training center as well as those offered through our Affiliate network. 2010 will see the launch of programs to improve the organization, implementation and delivery of services to its Affiliates, as well as to the public. For example, we are enhancing the content, regularity and dependability of on-line Affiliate video conferencing, and are developing a web site for STO that will offer a centralized location for communications between Disciples in particular, and for Initiates and members of Affiliates.

Affiliate Practice Leaders perform the vital functions of leading Affiliate practice programs, providing continuity and dependability to their Sangha. At their invitation, I and other senior teachers of the network provide guest teaching, visiting and leading retreats and performing ceremonies as needed. All Affiliate Practice Leaders and Disciples in good standing are authorized to perform Initiation (Jukai) for new members as appropriate. Thus, the formal membership of an Affiliate can grow on a local basis, and the training center headquartered in Atlanta can offer more intensive events such as Buddha's Enlightenment Sesshin (Dec 1-8, Rohatsu) and Practice Period (Ango).

Winter Ango – Head Student in Residence — Three Sesshin
This Winter quarter (January through March) of 2010, ASZC will host a 90-day Ango. Ango harks back to India, when the members of the Order would retire to the caves during the rainy season. It offers a once-a-year opportunity for deepening one's practice.

During the 2010 Ango, Zenku Jerry Smyers, Practice Leader of the Chicago Zen Buddhist Temple, (CZBT) will be in residence as Head Student (Shuso). Jerry will arrive January 5th (if all goes as planned – he is driving from Montana!) and be installed as Shuso Sunday, January 10th, at the end of the first Sesshin of the Ango.

During his tenure as Shuso through March, Jerry will be available for practice discussion over lunch or breakfast. Please arrange to meet with him at least once, to discuss your practice, as well as his background and experience with Matsuoka Roshi and Kongo Roshi in the history of CZBT, which just celebrated its 60th anniversary.

Sangha Sesshin — January 5-10
The evening of his arrival, January Sangha Sesshin (week-long retreat) begins, headed by Mettai Cherry Zimmer as Guest Teacher, in which Jerry will train as Work Captain. The first Sesshin ends with Jerry's installation as Shuso the following Sunday. Following his installation, he will be offering morning meditation from 6:30-7:30 each weekday, for commuters on the way to and from work, and a series of meditation and talks on the regular Thursday evenings, beginning January 14th. He will give his first formal dharma talk on Sunday, January 17th. Please plan to attend as many of these events as you can.

Dharma Sesshin — February 2-7
In February we will host a second, Dharma Sesshin, led by Joriki Marcus Barlow, which will feature in-depth study and chanting of the Lotus Sutra. This sutra is of special interest, as it transmits the last teachings of Buddha. Jerry will train as Innkeeper for this Sesshin and will give his second formal dharma talk on Sunday February 21st.

Buddha Sesshin — March 2-7
In March we will offer the final of the three, Buddha Sesshin, led by Shiho Gareth Young. It will emphasize "just sitting." Daily dialog will be in the form of hossen, "dharma combat," thoroughly investigating experience on the cushion. For this last sesshin of the Ango, Jerry will train as Retreat Leader.

Jerry's third and final formal dharma talk will take place on March 7th. On Sunday March 21st we will perform his Ordination as a Novice Priest (Shukke Tokudo – if all goes as planned — anything can happen!). On Sunday March 28th, his final Shuso ceremony will be held, followed by a farewell lunch. Please attend all events.

EYE ON THE BALL
In addition to attending events related to our guest Head Student, during Ango you are offered a unique opportunity to ramp up your daily and weekly practice. At some centers, members sign a commitment contract, outlining what they intend to do to increase and enhance their practice during Ango. For example, you might commit to coming to each and every morning and evening meditation session, "bookending" your work day. Or you might commit to coming every weekend during the 90 days. Attend as much of the three Sesshin as you can manage, for another example. If you are able to do so consistently for the entire three month program, it will have an inestimable effect on your regular practice. And if you are unable to live up to your commitment, you will learn a valuable lesson from that.

We are not asking you to sign a written commitment, but to approach this Ango in that kind of spirit. Make a personal commitment to yourself — raise the bar on your practice a bit. Looking forward to three months, it looms large. Looking back on it, it will seems diminishingly small. Time exhibits a perceived Doppler effect, compression and extension, much like sound, or light. Don't let it fool you.

We will not be holding another Ango this year, and may be unable to in 2011 or for the foreseeable future. So while this unique opportunity presents itself, please take advantage of it. You won't regret it, I can guarantee that.
Gassho,
Hojo

Dharma Byte from the Abbot

“DO NOT TAKE WHAT IS NOT FREELY GIVEN”

This, the second precept of Buddhism, it seems to me, goes to the heart of the matter of several issues that are currently white-hot in politics in America, and by extension around the glove—owing to the outsized and, in some parts, unwelcome—influence of the US culture on that of other peoples. These issues—the fair and equitable distribution of wealth, universal access to adequate health care, the whole litany—are now very tired and wearing, but are fundamental to society and bear repetition if they are ever to be resolved to any degree of general satisfaction. They are also fundamental to the establishment and maintenance of true community, or harmony, which in Buddhism is called sangha, one of the venerated Three Treasures, along with Dharma and Buddha. Aspiring to a life of Zen of Buddhism implies the protection and nurturing of these three precious jewels.

In what follows, I am going to wade into the swamp of politics for the sake of finding the lotus growing there. My teacher, Matsuoka-roshi, did not shy from taking up the white-hot political issues of the time, such as Vietnam and racial injustice, and he did not shrink from stating his position in such a way that there could be no doubt as to where he stood. He was not afraid to name names and declare that these individuals, not impersonal policies, were at fault and in violation of basic Buddhist principles of compassion and community. (For example read the section on “Zen Ethics and Virtue” in The Kyosaku, available at www.aszc.org.)

Whatever one’s politics, it is difficult to understand, let alone rationalize or justify, the extreme disparities we witness—the concentration of wealth in an extreme minority—and the resultant inability for many of our greater community to actualize the inalienable rights to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness codified in the papers which constitute the founding documents, and mission, of this nation. Expanding one’s view to include other nation states and local quasi-states around the globe, one sees variations on the same theme of one extreme or another. Some see this as God’s will. Some on one end of the political spectrum attempt to explain this based on individual responsibility and actions which have consequences, the difference in choices that individuals make during their lifetime, natural differences to be expected in a meritocracy. On the other extreme, some attribute it to simple greed and avarice, which can amount to a form of violating Precepts against speaking ill of others, and praising oneself at the expense of others. Some foster a caste system of inherited position and privilege, which is essentially to assert that benefits (or inequities) resulting from the choices of one’s ancestors are legitimately one’s birthright. When this is taken to the extreme of viewing one’s good fortune and the misfortune of others as “karma”—and therefore okay—this is a gross corruption of Buddhism.

Whatever your view of the politics of Michael Moore—and it seems one either hates him or loves him—he has inserted himself and his viewpoint squarely into the center of these debates through the medium of film. Some categorize his works as documentaries, others consider them blatant propaganda.

In any case, they and current opinion columns provide a good springboard for the point I am trying to make here, which is bigger and broader than even these issues, and at the same time, extremely personal. It goes to the choices that we—you and I—make as Buddhists. So please bear with me. This is not intended as a political screed, but more as a “teachable moment.” Zen is not really apolitical, but, I would say, tends to regard politics with a jaundiced eye. Something about an ox being gored, I think, rather than tamed. So into the swamp:

While attending Michael Moore’s latest film, “Capitalism: A Love Affair,” about halfway through, the sound went out. After clapping and yelling “Sound!” a few times to no avail, we went to the ticket counter and demanded a refund, and left (but not in a huff). It didn’t really ruin the experience for us—unlike a comedy or a drama or mystery, Mr. Moore’s narrative did not give away the punch line, climactic scene, or whodunit—but we didn’t want to stick around and watch it from the beginning later that afternoon.

One assertion that he makes early in the film struck, and stuck with, me, startling in its directness and obviousness, once so stated: “Capitalism is diametrically opposed to Christianity and all the other major world religions, including Buddhism,” to paraphrase. The film includes the director’s trademark clips of the suffering of ordinary folks (e.g. through actual foreclosures), and the undeserved inequality that are consequences, if unintended, of capitalism run amok. This is his position and in America he has a right to say so.

In defense of capitalism with a small “c,” one might mention the small loans programs in India and other Third World countries which seem to kick-start the process of achieving those inalienable rights mentioned above. Where does it gang agley?

From some of the historical clips shown in the film praising its glories, one might go further and say that Capitalism is a religion, for some—that it can become a competing philosophy at least—but clearly based on different tenets than other religions. For example, the Golden Rule of Christianity, “Do unto others as you would have them do to you,” is turned completely on its head in “Them that has the gold makes the rules.” In Buddhism, the precept in the title, along with “Share generously—Do not spare the Dharma assets” would be similarly contravened by such doctrines as “greed is good” and “might makes right.”

Mr. Moore goes on to quote some of the tenets stated in the Constitution, ruminating that they begin to sound a lot like “that other (Commun)ism.” But, at least up to the point that the sound died, he does not come out explicitly in favor of one system over another, as such, just questioning in such a say that implies his view, another trademark touch that allows the audience to draw its own conclusion, rather than blatantly stating it. Good propaganda technique.

Here I would like to insert an aside that I think might characterize Buddhism’s or Zen’s philosophy of politics and governance. It is essentially that no system really works on its own, to state the obvious. It has to be accepted by and implemented through the people. No system can guarantee justice or fairness as long as the people are unjust and unfair. In other words, government—of the people, by the people, and for the people—is dependent on the people for its success. If the people are selfish, greedy, and just bad to the bone, no system of governance, however brilliant and well-designed, is going to work. People will find a way to subvert the most utopian of ideals to their nefarious ends.

Buddhism this posits that the real and only revolution is possible only on an individual level. People have to change for government to change. This does not necessarily amount to a rejection of society as it is, just a healthy recognition that it is subject to the same attributes of dukkha as the rest of existence—unsatisfactoriness, impermanence, insubstantiality, and imperfection—the whole catastrophe. Within this context, the practice of compassion, “suffering with,” is the only reasonable and politically workable response to an imperfect situation.

This relates to the point of a column in the New York Times (Thursday October 8, 2009)—on the subject of Moore’s last film, health care—by Nicholas D. Kristof: Let Congress Go Without Insurance. Mr. Kristof he suggests that if Congress once again fails to provide some form of health insurance for all the citizens of the US, it should give up its own claim to the finest health insurance available (he proposes modestly that only 15 percent lose coverage completely, 8 percent consigned to inadequate coverage—selected randomly and reflecting the national averages). Ours is the only first world country that doesn’t offer this, and never has, as he quotes:

In January 1917, Progressive Magazine wrote: “At present the United States has the unenviable distinction of being the only great industrial nation without universal health insurance.” More than 90 years later, we still have that distinction.

Mr. Kristof reports that as long ago as the Theodore Roosevelt and Richard Nixon administrations and as recently as the Clinton administration in 1993, 16 years ago, such efforts have failed to get anything passed in Congress. By his calculation if another 16 years transpire, another 700,000 deaths will occur attributable to a lack of health insurance: “That’s more Americans than died in World War I, World War II, Korea, Vietnam and Iraq combined.”

Kristof concludes: “At root, universal health care is not an economic or technical question [as it has been debated] but a moral one.” This is where this issue, and the effects of unbridled Capitalism, come together in the second Zen Buddhist precept, “Be giving—Do not take what is not freely given.” In Zen, this is not so much a moral obiter dictum as a statement of what is the actual condition of our existence. One cannot actually take anything, freely given or not. What is is, and we can neither add to, nor subtract from, it. We can only rearrange it temporarily.

It is not always clear that we are not taking what is not freely given. For example, as I pointed out in a recent dharma discussion, we are all breathing in the air, apparently freely given, sitting in the zendo. However, if the zendo were to be sealed off, with no incoming air, suddenly all present would be competing for the limited oxygen that would be available in what air remained. Soon, the air that I breathe would be taking from the others in the room, and their breath would be consuming the oxygen that I need to survive.

This is an extreme and unlikely case, but stranger things have happened. The point is that unless we “investigate thoroughly in practice”—to borrow Master Dogen’s phrase—we do not really see the deeper meaning of the Precepts. In this way, and in this context, we do not clearly understand the meaning of economics and its worst-case outcome, rampant greed and avarice.

While wealth itself cannot be inherently evil, it certainly can lead to abuse of the precepts of most religions. Much like intoxication, which in itself is not inherently evil (though certainly a poison if ingested in great enough quantity—thus “toxic”), indulging oneself in chemical intoxication can and usually does lead to the violation of other Precepts. Likewise, wealth, fame, power, and the other intangible intoxicants by definition lead to a change in one’s world view, and not along the lines recommended by the Noble Eightfold Path. In fact, one’s world view is more likely to become downright ignoble as good fortune enables and empowers one’s worst angels as well as one’s best. Jekyll and Hyde reside in all of us.

So one measure—if any such exists—of what the accumulation of vast wealth actually means, is what one does with it. Someone once said that Buddhism is concerned with the understanding of meaning. So it is important that we penetrate to the deeper, personal level of meaning of the accumulation of wealth, rather than its political dimension. We witness great exertion on the part of Bill Gates and Warren Buffet to “do good” with their vast incomes, while a few others are striving to join their rarefied billionaire club, and many others are struggling just to make ends meet.

Here’s a koan for you: What would you do with the money if you won the lottery? And how would it relate to or reflect your Buddhist principles? How does one “Do no harm” with great wealth?

The Tao te Ching contains an interesting and related question, if memory serves: “Which is more destructive — success  or failure?” Just as the meaning and application of a specific precept, such as that on stealing, can change dramatically with a dramatic change in circumstance—such as precipitously diminishing resources (e.g. of air in the example above)—so can one’s Buddhism be challenged by what many would regard as a positive, life-changing event, such as winning the lottery.

“Follow the money” is an expression often used to indicate how to understand the machinations of the powers that be. If you want to understand the meaning and import of the hundreds of millions of dollars going to executives in the finance industry, for example, follow the money—watch what they do with it.

Are they taking what is not freely given? If so, from whom? Jesus is said to have said something like, “Their reward is with them.” But of course, he was reportedly promising a greater reward in heaven. Zen doesn’t. Where is our just reward? Are we taking what is not freely given? From whom? How do we repay our debt?

A thief may consider something insufficiently protected as “freely given.” A Buddhist considers everything as not belonging to anyone. These seem similar, but are diametrically opposed in action. The thief thinks that s/he can actually take something. The Buddhist knows that s/he can only give anything and everything just as it is to all the Buddhas of the universe. Everything is freely given. But we cannot take it.

Gassho,
Hojo